Vicuña is the finest, softest and most exclusive natural fiber in the world, considerably finer, silky and lighter than Cashmere or Angora.
It has an average diameter of 12 Microns (One Micron equals One million of a Meter), against 15 of Cashmere. The fleece of the Vicuña is formed with two layers to protect it from the cold climate of the high altitude Andes. The under-fleece is made of soft and dense packed fibers that act as an insulator, while the outer-fleece is made of long and silky fibers. The Vicuña fiber varies in shades from golden brown to dark fawn and wheat.
Some amazing properties of the Vicuña fiber are the extreme lightness, softness and warmth. The amount of land that a Vicuña needs in order to survive is one hectare approximately 2.47 acres.
Adult animals provide 250 grams of fleece every two years, but after shearing and dehairing the coarsest outer fibers; this amount is reduced to 120 grams. To give you an idea, the fleece of 25-30 Vicuñas are need it to produce an overcoat, the fleece of 6 to make a sweater and the fleece of more than one animals shearing to make a scarf. The garment made from Vicuña has an extraordinary value which is increased further by the traditional methods for processing the fiber handed down over the centuries from the ancient Peruvians. Hence its exclusivity and limited availability of this product on the market.